Ultraviolet (UV radiation) is the main risk factor for most forms of skin cancer. People in sunny countries, such as New Zealand, Australia, tropical countries and parts of the United States are certainly at increased risk. Certainly, many people who live in New Zealand and Australia have fair skin types and are very poorly equipped to cope with lots of UV radiation. The vast majority of them are sun damaged before the age of 18 years of age and yet despite this, many people in this age group enjoy sunbathing to get a tan or alternatively, use sunbeds.
Dermatology is the medical speciality that deals with disorders and diseases (including cancers of the skin.) It also deals with disorders of hair, nails and mucous membranes. A dermatologist is a medical specialist in dermatology.
The earliest treatment of skin conditions can be found in writings in ancient history. The ancient Egyptians treated the skin with various chemicals to try to achieve various medicinal and cosmetic results. The physician Avicenna wrote “The Canon of Medicine,” which was published in 1025 and this described treatments for a number of skin conditions, including skin cancer.